High Blood pressure- Six Main Causes

Treatment Of Hypertension- Exercise and Workout


It is important that you do some exercise regularly to keep your heart pumping and lower fat and cholesterol levels. Cardiovascular exercise is the best way to go since it works out your heart and burns a lot of fat and extra calories.

Exercising Regularly

Do some running, cycling, jogging, swimming or stair climbing 2 to 4 times every week for 30 to 60 minutes per session. You should also do weight or resistance training 2 to 3 times every week to burn more fat and boost your metabolism. Stretch and cool down after each workout.

The Right Activity – Workout

Squeeze in a workout even for just 30 minutes even if you have a busy schedule. Burn extra calories by making small changes like choosing the stairs over the elevator and walking to work instead of taking the bus. Take time to work out even in the smallest ways to help maintain healthy blood pressure levels.

Selva Sugunendran

Health and Fitness : How A Healthy Diet Helps You Live Longer

The rise in the number of people developing disorders such as obesity, heart disease and other frightening health ailments is a very alarming trend. As our fast-paced lifestyles and fast-food mentality has made us overweight or stressed out, the question we need to ask ourselves is, “what is the best way for living a healthier and longer life?”. Could a healthy and balanced diet spare you from such menacing health disorders, and actually allow you to live longer?

Cultures That Lived On A Healthy Diet Are Known To Live Longer

While most people in the Western world continue to battle with fat-rich diets and stressed out lifestyles, it is good to know that some cultures and civilizations have actually succeeded in living longer lives. Take for example the Peruvian Indians, the Okinawans and some other tribe or indigenous group in Asia and Africa. These people lived off a plant-based diet, with little meat, or maybe fish and some wild game meat.  They were also less exposed to pesticides, and did not  use any hormones or antibiotics in growing their livestock. Many of the people living in these societies were recorded to have lived up to a hundred and twenty years old. These people all have one thing in common, and that is they all exercised regularly and ate a lot of plant food. These people were also known to have eaten herbs and other wild plants. They also drank a lot of water. They  did not subsist on sodas or regular fatty fast-food diets.

A Low-Sodium Diet Helps

The American Health Association notes that a teaspoon of salt contains at least 2,300 milligrams of sodium. The association stresses that people should  eat less than 2,300 mg of salt a day. Some health analysts contend that a typical restaurant meal may provide you with 1,500 to 2,000 mg of sodium, which is far than the AHA’s recommended intake. Ensuring that you consume less than 2,300 mg of sodium a day can truly help in preserving your health, as well as in allowing you to live longer.

Drink Lots Of Water Too

Water is also a very important element when it comes to attaining a healthy lifestyle. Water cools the body, allows the organs and muscles to efficiently work, and improves the joints as well.  Human beings are composed mostly of water, and because the water inside us tends to evaporate, we need to consume more of it each day. The average adult is recommended to have at least eight glasses of water each day, and there is  enough scientific evidence to support the fact that drinking a good amount of clean water helps to improve oxygen levels in the body, as well as help to remove toxins and other waste products from your system.

Restricting Calorie Intake Helps You Live Longer

A lot of people in the United States and Canada, as well as in Europe and other developing nations, have now discovered the fact that eating a nutritious but scrimpy diet helps in living longer and healthier lives. A low calorie diet has been supported by a lot of scientific evidence to be effective in making you live longer and healthier. In a study done way back in 1935 by Cornell University, laboratory mice that were fed 30 percent less calories, were known to live longer by forty percent, as compared to the mice that ate as they pleased. Since then, a number of experiments have been conducted on worms, spiders and even yeast cells, and all offered the same results. Scientists stress that people who follow calorie-restricted diets are less likely to die from age-related illnesses such as stroke, heart disease and high blood pressure, and would have a better brain capacity for decision making and making controlled movements.

Lower Calorie Consumption Promotes Longevity

While it has been proven that a calorie-restricted diet does wonders when it comes to giving you a longer and healthier life, no one has actually figured out why decreased calorie intake and lower metabolic activity helps promote longevity. One study believes that partially starving the body drives it into a maintenance mode of sorts, where it concentrates on staying healthy, and preserves its cells. A calorie-restricted diet is known to reduce calorie levels by as much as 30 percent. For example, a person practicing calorie reduction will only eat about 1,800 calories a day, which is 900 calories lower than what the average person gets each day.  A low-calorie diet typically consists of a breakfast that offers bananas, some berries and whole wheat bread, as well as  low-fat milk shake. Lunch may consist of some fish, fresh garden salads, baked sweet potatoes and a lot of vegetables.

Selva Sugunendran has published  a number of Books on Health Matters. Visit the following website to immediately download an extensively researched EBook on Multiple Health diseases including Obesity, High Blood Pressure, Cardiac Illness and Diabetes. It details the symptoms, treatments available, the interactions as well as the management and control of these diseases:


High Blood Pressure, What is it And What Are The Risk Factors

By conventional medical definition, blood pressure is defined as the force of blood against the arteries when the heart beats, as well as when the heart rests. Blood pressure is generally measured in mmHg, or millimeters of mercury. Among the risk factors that heighten the onset of high blood pressure include lifestyle factors such as smoking, obesity, an unhealthy diet, excessive alcohol intake, high cholesterol level, high triglyceride level, kidney diseases, a family history of high blood pressure, early menopause in women, age, and ethnicity.

Why Is It Important To Control Blood Pressure In Diabetics ?

When a person is diabetic, controlling blood pressure is vital, because high blood pressure is a major risk factor for the incidence of cardiovascular disease, and it also heightens the risk for stroke, heart attack, as well as other complications such as nephropathy, or damage to the blood vessels and kidneys, and retinopathy, or damage to the blood vessels of the retina. When a person has diabetes and high blood pressure, the person’s risk of developing cardiovascular diseases also doubles.

What Causes High Blood Pressure ?

The pressure in the blood vessels is dependent on how hard the heart pumps and beats, as well as on how much resistance is felt in the arteries. Many physicians contend that a slight narrowing of the arteries heightens the resistance to blood flow, and thus increasing blood pressure levels. However, many physicians agree that the cause for the narrowing of the arteries is still unclear, and many factors may contribute to it.

The Perks Of Lowering Blood Pressure

A great deal of concrete evidence is available, which shows that  controlling blood pressure levels in diabetics greatly helps in reducing the risks of future complications, such as stroke and other associated problems. A British study called the UK Prospective Diabetics Study, confirms that people with diabetes who controlled blood pressure stood a third less risk of dying from heart attack or stroke, as compared to those who failed in controlling blood pressure levels. The study also indicates that effectively controlling blood pressure offers a number of benefits, as compared to simply controlling blood sugar levels, and practically reduces the risk of getting other diabetes-related complications as well.

How Can You Lower Blood Pressure?

There’s actually no cure for high blood pressure, however it can be controlled. Blood pressure can be effectively lowered in two ways. First by implementing lifestyle modifications, such as having a good diet, lowering weight, regular exercise, lowering salt and alcohol intake, and all these do a great deal in lowering blood pressure levels.  Second, several medications are also available for lowering blood pressure. However, the drug chosen will depend on such factors like age, ethnicity, possible side effects, and if you take other medications. In some individuals, the blood pressure medication is needed for life. However, for those who have their BP controlled for some period of time, the drug may be stopped or reduced. In individuals who have effectively reduced weight, stopped heavy drinking or smoking, and performed regular exercise, their doctor may advise that they reduce their medications. Having a healthy diet can truly help as well. It can effectively lower bad cholesterol, control weight, provide your body with fiber, vitamins and nutrients, and strengthen your immune system as well.

How Would You Know If You Have High Blood Pressure?

Many wrongly believe that high blood pressure has got something to do with being nervous, hyperactive or jittery. However, the truth is that even when you’re calm and relaxed, you can still  have high blood pressure. Even if your blood pressure is repeatedly high, you sometimes won’t see or feel the symptoms. It is true that a number of people have had the disease for years, without knowing it. Well, the only way to find out if you got high blood pressure, is to have your BP checked. A blood  pressure test is easy and painless, and it can be done in the hospital clinic, doctor’s clinic, nurse’s office or company clinic, as well as at your nearest public health care facility.

Selva Sugunendran has published  a number of Books on Health Matters. Visit the following website to immediately download an extensively researched EBook on Multiple Health diseases including Obesity, High Blood Pressure, Cardiac Illness and Diabetes. It details the symptoms, treatments available, the interactions as well as the management and control of these diseases:


Diabetes Dangers

Diabetes mellitus, or diabetes, is a health disorder that is  brought about by abnormal blood sugar levels, due to the body not producing enough insulin hormones, or because the body fails to respond to insulin. Once blood sugar enters the bloodstream, the pancreas begins to manufacture insulin, which plays a major role in moving sugar from the blood stream into the cells, where they are converted into energy. The body utilizes the energy to function normally. However ,if the body fails to adequately manufacture or respond to insulin, sugar accumulates in the blood instead, and in the process, the cells look for other sources of energy.

Diabetes Leads To A Frightening Array of Complications

Diabetes is a frightening disease that leads to a host of equally frightening complications. The complications range from the development of some lipid disorders, which are due to an excessive deposit of fat into the blood and  also lead to other ailments such as vascular diseases and high blood pressure. The chronic late complications of the disease include heart problems and high blood pressure, which leads to heart failure and heart attack. Some of the associated complications include kidney problems that eventually lead to kidney failure and nerve damage, which leads to consequences such as diarrhea, nausea, constipation and vomiting.

Chest Pain, Stroke And Even Erectile Dysfunction

Diabetes can also lead to the development of disorders such as angina pectoris or chest pain, kidney failure, poor vision and even blindness, loss of sensation in the hands and feet, amputation, stroke and erectile dysfunction. These complications are more likely to happen in individuals who regularly smoke or already have high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels, which usually go along with diabetes. The good thing is that many diabetes complications can actually be prevented by taking concrete steps towards controlling blood pressure and cholesterol levels, as well as by stopping smoking.

Diabetes Can Also Impair Vision

Diabetes can also lead to serious eye disorders, and among these include diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy causes damage to the retina, or the eye’s innermost layer, which is caused by inadequate or prolonged blood glucose levels. In diabetic retinopathy, the small blood vessels in the eye become narrow and leak, therefore the veins become enlarged and twist, causing the retina to swell. The reduced supply of oxygen to the retina leads to the formation of new blood vessels, which in reality are not stable, and thus bleed.

Diabetes Leads To The Onset Of Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is another major complication of diabetes. Atherosclerosis leads to the hardening of the arteries that lead to the legs. This often result to numbness, pain, muscle pain as well as reduced sensitivity of the foot, leading to injuries. When this happens, the treatment method given aim to reduce the symptoms and renew blood flow to the arteries. Medicines are also used to ease swelling, although in other cases surgery may be needed.

Diabetes Leads To Damaged Nerve Cells

Diabetic neuropathy is one common diabetes complication. It is brought forth by damage in nerve cells. When this happens, the peripheral nerves are the first to become damaged, and this is manifested by painful tingling.  The nerves which regulate body functions also become affected, and leads to low blood pressure levels, sexual impotence and heart complications, The symptoms of diabetic neuropathy include lack of sensation in some parts of the body, dizziness, numbness and constipation.

Diabetes is an ailment that is characterized either as Type 1 or Type 2, with each having different causes. Type 2 diabetes is common among older people. Obese or overweight individuals who have a family history of diabetes also face a greater risk of getting type 2 diabetes, which accounts for ninety percent of the entire population of diabetes sufferers worldwide.  Type 2 diabetes generally doesn’t  appear until the person reaches the mid-forties, and in many cases, the problem is not brought about by the lack of insulin, but is brought about by a defect in the cell wall’s insulin receptors. Because of the defect in the insulin receptors, the body cannot, or will not respond to the insulin that’s manufactured by the pancreas.

Selva Sugunendran has published  a number of Books on Health Matters. Visit the following website to immediately download an extensively researched EBook on Multiple Health diseases including Obesity, High Blood Pressure, Cardiac Illness and Diabetes. It details the symptoms, treatments available, the interactions as well as the management and control of these diseases:


Future Prospects and Advances in Hypertension Research

Hypertension cannot be fully treated once a person has it. The good news is that there are several antihypertensive drugs available today. You can also get rid of the symptoms for several months or years, as long as you follow a sound plan and regimen. There are plenty of available sources on the internet, or you can consult some of the experts and doctors you know to update you about the latest trends and products that will help treat your condition.

1. Blood Pressure Research

Almost 70% of all individuals with hypertension do not fully manage the symptoms of high blood pressure, even though there are now so many antihypertensive drugs available. Some of the reasons include poor medication adherence, lack of patient education, lack of available materials for patients in third world countries and clinical inertia. Some trials are mainly focused on home blood pressure monitoring, health coaching and consistent home medication titration to address the different triggers of bad hypertension management.

2. The Challenges

One big challenge in hypertension studies is identifying the main factors of chronic blood pressure management and to determine how the different leads can be adjusted to minimize the effects and risk for developing the condition. Over the last decade, genetic techniques have led to a more diverse understanding of hypertension pathogenesis, thereby letting researchers see hypertension in a whole new light. There are now more intermediate phenotypes and genes discovered to help determine the full aetiology of the condition.

The genetic approach will enable experts to know the direct relationships between intermediate biological leads and certain genes that lead to the trait, like hypertension. The haplotype map can further be developed by grabbing the opportunities and see the dramatic changes via human, rat and mouse genome sequences. Experts intend to see the problem on a global perspective so that they can reduce the risks, based on the factors and traits of each race, including familial tendencies.

3. Activities for the Future

It is vital to observe high blood pressure together with the presence of other cardiovascular problems. Observing hypertension individually from other diseases like metabolic syndrome, non-insulin dependent diabetes and arteriosclerosis can actually limit possible new breakthroughs in finding out more about the beginning of the disease.

4. The Biomarkers

Animal researches showed that it is quite possible to delay several bad events linked to the development of hypertension if the individuals can be discovered early in life. The early biomarkers that establish the biological risk, as well as the target organ is vital in finding a quick cure. Pre-hypertension should be determined very early. The markers are still very challenging to find early, so experts should continue to find out more about the physical, genotypic and biochemical means to observe the population who are at risk.

5. New Developments

New drugs are also being discovered to help alleviate the symptoms of hypertension. There are now herbs and supplements that can help prevent the risk of developing the problem. Other present antihypertensive drugs have also been discovered to be quite useful in treating other problems like diabetes, eye problems and breathing problems.

Selva Sugunendran has published a number of Books on Health Matters.If you found the above article useful, then you should visit the following website to immediately download an extensively researched EBook on Multiple Health diseases including High Blood Pressure, Obesity and Diabetes. It details the symptoms, treatments available, the interactions as well as the management and control of these diseases: http://www.SeriousHealthProblems.com

Causes of High Blood Pressure and How it is Investigated

Millions of individuals all over the globe have high blood pressure (otherwise known as hypertension) and for various reasons. It is very important that you know the risk factors and triggers, so that you can carry out the necessary precautions to keep your blood level at normal levels. You may notice several symptoms, depending on your condition and other underlying causes. Here are some more guidelines.

1. What Causes It?
First of all, you have to know the different categories of blood pressure. Normal blood pressure ranges below 120/80. Pre-hypertension ranges between 120/139 and 80/89. Stage 1 hypertension is between 140/159 and 90-99. Stage 2 hypertension is between 160 and above/100 and above. It is important that you consult your doctor immediately once you notice your blood pressure reaching over 120/80. The doctor will do some tests to determine the cause and other triggers.

High blood pressure can be caused by several things. Some of the causes can be attributed to lifestyle habits while others are due to family history or other health issues. Examples are:
– smoking
– being obese or overweight
– lack of exercise or physical activity
– genetics
– old age
– having too much salt in your diet
– consuming a lot of alcohol (1 to 2 drinks per day or more)
– having a family history of high blood pressure, adrenal and thyroid problems and long term kidney disease

2. About Essential Hypertension
About 95% of all hypertension cases in the United States have unknown underlying causes. This is then considered as essential hypertension. Essential hypertension is highly mysterious and is associated with several risk factors. The condition runs among families and is more frequent among men compared to women. Race and age seem to play a role in the development. In America, blacks are 2 times more likely to have the condition compared to Caucasians. The difference starts to get smaller at age 44. After 65 years of age, black women are highly at risk for hypertension.
Diet and lifestyle greatly affects essential hypertension. People residing in the northern islands of Japan consume more salt compared to any other individual in the world and so they have the highest incidence of the condition. There is no evidence of essential hypertension among people who do not add salt to their meals. Hypertensive people are usually salt sensitive. Other influencing factors include obesity, stress, inadequate consumption of calcium, potassium and magnesium, long term alcohol consumption and inadequate physical activity.

3. Increasing the Risk
The people who are more likely to have hypertension include people who frequently smoke, African-Americans, individuals with family background of hypertension, individuals taking birth control pills, pregnant women, those over 35 years old, sedentary individuals, those who eat fatty foods, people who have kidney disease and patients with tumours or abnormalities that influence the adrenal glands.
Doctors usually check the family background, diet and exercise habits of the person to determine the causes and triggers. The doctors will also check other medications and supplements that may trigger the condition. The blood pressure is checked via non-invasive or invasive means. Physical assessment may also be done to investigate further. Diagnosis will be done after the laboratory procedures.

Author Resource:- Selva Sugunendran has published a number of Books on Health Matters . If you found the above article useful, then you should visit the following website to immediately download an extensively researched eBook on Multiple Health diseases including High Blood Pressure. It details the symptoms, treatments available, the interactions as well as the management and control of these diseases: http://www.SeriousHealthProblems.com