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High Blood Pressure, What is it And What Are The Risk Factors

What Is High Blood Pressure And What Are The Risk Factors

What is High Blood Pressure? By conventional medical definition, blood pressure is defined as the force of blood against the arteries when the heart beats, as well as when the heart rests.

Blood pressure is generally measured in millimeters of mercury.

What Are The Risk Factors?

Among the risk factors that heighten the onset of high blood pressure include lifestyle factors such as smoking, obesity, an unhealthy diet, excessive alcohol intake. Also included are high cholesterol level, high triglyceride level, kidney diseases, a family history of high blood pressure, early menopause in women, age, and ethnicity.

Why Is It Important To Control Blood Pressure In Diabetics ?

When a person is diabetic, controlling blood pressure is vital, because high blood pressure is a major risk factor for the incidence of cardiovascular disease. It also heightens the risk for stroke, heart attack, as well as other complications such as nephropathy, or damage to the blood vessels and kidneys, and retinopathy, or damage to the blood vessels of the retina.

When a person has diabetes and high blood pressure, the person’s risk of developing cardiovascular diseases also doubles.

What Causes High Blood Pressure ?

The pressure in the blood vessels is dependent on how hard the heart pumps and beats, as well as on how much resistance is felt in the arteries.

Many physicians contend that a slight narrowing of the arteries heightens the resistance to blood flow, and thus increasing blood pressure levels. However, many physicians agree that the cause for the narrowing of the arteries is still unclear, and many factors may contribute to it.

The Perks Of Lowering Blood Pressure.

A great deal of concrete evidence is available, which shows that controlling blood pressure levels in diabetics greatly helps in reducing the risks of future complications, such as stroke and other associated problems.

A British study called the UK Prospective Diabetics Study, confirms that people with diabetes who controlled blood pressure stood a third less risk of dying from heart attack or stroke, as compared to those who failed in controlling blood pressure levels.

The study also indicates that effectively controlling blood pressure offers a number of benefits, as compared to simply controlling blood sugar levels, and practically reduces the risk of getting other diabetes-related complications as well.

How Can You Lower Blood Pressure?

There’s actually no cure for high blood pressure. However, it can be controlled.

Blood pressure can be effectively lowered in two ways.

First by implementing lifestyle modifications, such as having a good diet, lowering weight, regular exercise, lowering salt and alcohol intake, and all these do a great deal in lowering blood pressure levels.

Second, several medications are also available for lowering blood pressure.

However, the drug chosen will depend on such factors like age, ethnicity, possible side effects, and if you take other medications.

In some individuals, the blood pressure medication is needed for life. However, for those who have their BP controlled for some period of time, the drug may be stopped or reduced.

Having A Healthy Diet

In individuals who have effectively reduced weight, stopped heavy drinking or smoking, and performed regular exercise, their doctor may advise that they reduce their medications.

Having a healthy diet can truly help as well.

It can effectively lower bad cholesterol, control weight, provide your body with fiber, vitamins and nutrients, and strengthen your immune system as well.

How Would You Know If You Have High Blood Pressure?

Many wrongly believe that high blood pressure has got something to do with being nervous, hyperactive or jittery. However, the truth is that even when you’re calm and relaxed, you can still have high blood pressure.

Even if your blood pressure is repeatedly high, you sometimes won’t see or feel the symptoms.

It is true that a number of people have had the disease for years, without knowing it.

Well, the only way to find out if you got high blood pressure, is to have your BP checked.

A blood pressure test is easy and painless, and it can be done in the hospital clinic, doctor’s clinic, nurse’s office or company clinic, as well as at your nearest public health care facility.

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Future Prospects and Advances in Hypertension Research

Hypertension cannot be fully treated once a person has it. The good news is that there are several antihypertensive drugs available today. You can also get rid of the symptoms for several months or years, as long as you follow a sound plan and regimen. There are plenty of available sources on the internet, or you can consult some of the experts and doctors you know to update you about the latest trends and products that will help treat your condition.

1. Blood Pressure Research

Almost 70% of all individuals with hypertension do not fully manage the symptoms of high blood pressure, even though there are now so many antihypertensive drugs available. Some of the reasons include poor medication adherence, lack of patient education, lack of available materials for patients in third world countries and clinical inertia. Some trials are mainly focused on home blood pressure monitoring, health coaching and consistent home medication titration to address the different triggers of bad hypertension management.

2. The Challenges

One big challenge in hypertension studies is identifying the main factors of chronic blood pressure management and to determine how the different leads can be adjusted to minimize the effects and risk for developing the condition. Over the last decade, genetic techniques have led to a more diverse understanding of hypertension pathogenesis, thereby letting researchers see hypertension in a whole new light. There are now more intermediate phenotypes and genes discovered to help determine the full aetiology of the condition.

The genetic approach will enable experts to know the direct relationships between intermediate biological leads and certain genes that lead to the trait, like hypertension. The haplotype map can further be developed by grabbing the opportunities and see the dramatic changes via human, rat and mouse genome sequences. Experts intend to see the problem on a global perspective so that they can reduce the risks, based on the factors and traits of each race, including familial tendencies.

3. Activities for the Future

It is vital to observe high blood pressure together with the presence of other cardiovascular problems. Observing hypertension individually from other diseases like metabolic syndrome, non-insulin dependent diabetes and arteriosclerosis can actually limit possible new breakthroughs in finding out more about the beginning of the disease.

4. The Biomarkers

Animal researches showed that it is quite possible to delay several bad events linked to the development of hypertension if the individuals can be discovered early in life. The early biomarkers that establish the biological risk, as well as the target organ is vital in finding a quick cure. Pre-hypertension should be determined very early. The markers are still very challenging to find early, so experts should continue to find out more about the physical, genotypic and biochemical means to observe the population who are at risk.

5. New Developments

New drugs are also being discovered to help alleviate the symptoms of hypertension. There are now herbs and supplements that can help prevent the risk of developing the problem. Other present antihypertensive drugs have also been discovered to be quite useful in treating other problems like diabetes, eye problems and breathing problems.

Selva Sugunendran has published a number of Books on Health Matters.If you found the above article useful, then you should visit the following website to immediately download an extensively researched EBook on Multiple Health diseases including High Blood Pressure, Obesity and Diabetes. It details the symptoms, treatments available, the interactions as well as the management and control of these diseases:

Causes of High Blood Pressure and How it is Investigated

Millions of individuals all over the globe have high blood pressure (otherwise known as hypertension) and for various reasons. It is very important that you know the risk factors and triggers, so that you can carry out the necessary precautions to keep your blood level at normal levels. You may notice several symptoms, depending on your condition and other underlying causes. Here are some more guidelines.

1. What Causes It?
First of all, you have to know the different categories of blood pressure. Normal blood pressure ranges below 120/80. Pre-hypertension ranges between 120/139 and 80/89. Stage 1 hypertension is between 140/159 and 90-99. Stage 2 hypertension is between 160 and above/100 and above. It is important that you consult your doctor immediately once you notice your blood pressure reaching over 120/80. The doctor will do some tests to determine the cause and other triggers.

High blood pressure can be caused by several things. Some of the causes can be attributed to lifestyle habits while others are due to family history or other health issues. Examples are:
– smoking
– being obese or overweight
– lack of exercise or physical activity
– genetics
– old age
– having too much salt in your diet
– consuming a lot of alcohol (1 to 2 drinks per day or more)
– having a family history of high blood pressure, adrenal and thyroid problems and long term kidney disease

2. About Essential Hypertension
About 95% of all hypertension cases in the United States have unknown underlying causes. This is then considered as essential hypertension. Essential hypertension is highly mysterious and is associated with several risk factors. The condition runs among families and is more frequent among men compared to women. Race and age seem to play a role in the development. In America, blacks are 2 times more likely to have the condition compared to Caucasians. The difference starts to get smaller at age 44. After 65 years of age, black women are highly at risk for hypertension.
Diet and lifestyle greatly affects essential hypertension. People residing in the northern islands of Japan consume more salt compared to any other individual in the world and so they have the highest incidence of the condition. There is no evidence of essential hypertension among people who do not add salt to their meals. Hypertensive people are usually salt sensitive. Other influencing factors include obesity, stress, inadequate consumption of calcium, potassium and magnesium, long term alcohol consumption and inadequate physical activity.

3. Increasing the Risk
The people who are more likely to have hypertension include people who frequently smoke, African-Americans, individuals with family background of hypertension, individuals taking birth control pills, pregnant women, those over 35 years old, sedentary individuals, those who eat fatty foods, people who have kidney disease and patients with tumours or abnormalities that influence the adrenal glands.
Doctors usually check the family background, diet and exercise habits of the person to determine the causes and triggers. The doctors will also check other medications and supplements that may trigger the condition. The blood pressure is checked via non-invasive or invasive means. Physical assessment may also be done to investigate further. Diagnosis will be done after the laboratory procedures.

Author Resource:- Selva Sugunendran has published a number of Books on Health Matters . If you found the above article useful, then you should visit the following website to immediately download an extensively researched eBook on Multiple Health diseases including High Blood Pressure. It details the symptoms, treatments available, the interactions as well as the management and control of these diseases: