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Child Obesity

Obesity in children is a serious problem (as it is too in adults) because people who are overweight or obese are more likely to develop various medical problems. The condition can be a prelude to many cases of heart disease, diabetes, and joint problems. In addition to these, obese children may suffer psychologically and socially.

Experts are not in agreement as to what exactly causes child obesity. Some say it may be due to the environment; others point to genetics as the cause. In some cases of child obesity, glandular imbalance is a factor. Often, however, the condition is due to overeating.

Parents have to note that children seem most prone to adding fat cells at three different stages in their lives: 1) in the 3 months prior to birth; 2) in the first 3 years of life; and 3) at the onset of adolescence (from 11 to 16 years old). According to experts, most children learn their eating habits from their parents. This finding may very well explain why children of overweight or obese parents are themselves often overweight.

Heredity as a factor in child obesity

While it is true that child obesity is often caused by overeating, what are the causes of overeating? About 25% of the cases of child obesity can be blamed on heredity. Studies indicate that a child born to overweight parents has about a 90% chance of being overweight or obese.

But what exactly is it about heredity that causes child obesity? In a lot of cases, the child simply inherits a good appetite.

About another 25% of child obesity cases include children who remain fat even when they reduce their food intake. Such children are often referred to as “easy doers” – their organs for digestion work more efficiently than those of an average child. A little food seems to go farther in satisfying the energy requirements than for most children. Children in some of these cases suffer from an abnormality in the endocrine organs, which reduces the rate of the metabolic processes, and thus correspondingly reduces requirement for food.

The remaining 50% of cases of child obesity are victims of the undesirable habit of overeating, which they have inflicted upon themselves. They are normal children who simply enjoy living – they want to eat the food they see, and overeat when there is an abundance of food. These children have become accustomed to high living standards. Rather than thinking about proper nutrition, they center their thoughts on the pleasures of eating.

Child dietary needs

The chances of a child becoming obese can be significantly reduced with proper dietary program, which parents have to be fully aware of. It is during childhood, for instance, that the eating habits are established. Parents are therefore responsible for maintaining a home dietary program as nearly ideal as possible. In this way, their child becomes accustomed to proper nutrition. Eating patterns learned early will guide the child all through life in choosing right foods.

As the child enters the adolescence stage, his appetite becomes greater. This is the period in life when the child goes through tremendous activity and experiences rapid growth. Thus, apart from ample calories to provide energy, he also needs sufficient amount of protein, minerals and vitamins for growth.

Parents have to realize that in the midst of life’s abundance their child is in danger of becoming poorly nourished. This is true particularly in children who are allowed to indulge their appetites and act in accordance with popular customs. For example, they learn to prefer soft drinks to other nutritious beverages (such as fruit juice or milk), and candy to fruits and protein foods.

Overall, the treatment of child obesity consists, to a large extent, of a regulated dietary program. This means maintaining the essential food elements while drastically reducing the number of calories.

Too little or no exercise as a contributing factor

Apart from overeating, overweight or obese children usually exercise too little or not at all. Modernity has significantly lessened the need for physical activity. In fact, even those who used to utilize their muscles a lot at work have become content with pushing buttons or moving levers, allowing machines to do the work.

At home, children no longer do the same amount of physical exertion as their parents probably did when they were young. Today, labor-saving appliances have taken over much of the housekeeping chores that the need for physical exertion in this area has become much reduced. Elsewhere, cars take children to stores or school they used to walk to, and elevators have replaced the stairs as a means for going up even just to the next floor.

Parents with an obese or overweight child must look into their own eating and exercising habits; they then have to discuss the problem with their child, which, in all likelihood, embarrasses him. The family doctor should be able to provide a safe, healthy, nutritious dietary program that will result in gradual weight loss.

It is a must that fads and gross imbalances in the consumption of various kinds of food are avoided. Exercise is an essential method of treating any case of child obesity. Parents should encourage their child to take up a sport or engage in a regular fitness program. As far as losing weight is concerned, doctors say that a reduction of about a couple of pounds in body weight per month is ideal. Parents have to remember to reward their child (in any form other than food of course) if he meets this objective.

Natural Weight Loss

There is actually no better and safer way to lose weight than to do it naturally. Although there are a lot of other alternatives out there offering you a quick way to lose the excess weight, most of them are not that safe to begin with, and some are not even tested on whether they are effective or not. The only safe and effective way you can lose those extra pounds is by losing the weight the healthy and natural way. Here are some tips on how you can actually achieve just that.

1. Avoid Fatty Foods

One of the major factors that cause people to gain weight is the amount of fatty foods that they are eating on a regular basis. Since weight gain or weight loss is anchored directly on your diet, avoiding fatty foods is probably one of the best means to help your weight loss program. The less fatty foods you eat, the less calories and fat you will need to burn in order to lose the excess weight. If you keep replenishing your body fat, then it will take you longer to completely lose the weight.

2. Eat Healthier Alternatives

Although avoiding fatty foods can make a lot of difference in your weight loss program, finding healthier alternatives for your usual chemically-processed and enhanced foods could also greatly improve your chances of losing those unwanted extra pounds. Instead of eating processed white cream bread, try eating organic whole wheat bread instead. The amount of fibre in the organic whole wheat bread, coupled with the small amount of fattening chemicals and ingredients in it, makes it a much better choice for people who are trying to watch their weight from moving up the scale.

Also, healthier alternatives can also provide you with some calorie or fat burning benefits, so make sure to try and incorporate those into your diet as well.

3. Exercise, Exercise, Exercise

A substantial amount of physical activity in the form of exercise is one great way to help your body build muscle and help burn fat and calories. Keep in mind that the more muscle mass you have, the better off you’ll be at burning that unwanted fat and calories. By constantly keeping your body active, you are able to improve your cardio, as well as improve your muscle development. Once your conditioning becomes better, you will notice that it is now easier for you to burn your fat away, as compared to people who are living a lethargic lifestyle.

4. Avoid Starvation Diets

Depriving your body of food will not make you lose weight, but will in fact only result with you gaining even more pounds than when you started. Aside from that, you could also develop other medical disorders that could be a direct result of starving yourself.

Starving yourself will only result in your body’s malnutrition. Once this happens, your body is no longer able to get the necessary nutrients it needs to be able to function properly and sustain your day-to-day activities. You might just end up gaining more fat on your body, and end up losing some of your muscle tissues.

5. Monitor Your Diet

You should learn to monitor your diet, which means that you should take note of all the things that you are eating daily. Make sure that your daily calorie intake is lower than what you can actually burn up for the day. If not, then you won’t be able to burn your excess weight. Burning up more calories than what you can actually take in is the only way that you can lose some of those extra pounds, which is why closely monitoring your diet is one of the best ways to stay on top of your weight loss program.

There are a lot of other things that you can do to help improve your chances of losing weight, but bear in mind that the most natural are some of the best ways to achieve it. Not only that, but by using natural methods to lose weight, it is a whole lot easier to sustain for a longer period of time as well, which is a big plus, especially since most people have the tendency to gain back the pounds that they were able to lose only because they weren’t able to sustain their program.

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a common disease, but not all individuals truly know the features and characteristics of the condition. Knowing the triggers and potential risks can help you get rid of the problem, as well as find the right measures that will hopefully minimize the chances. You will also learn more about treatment and medications, provided you already know the type that you have. Here is some more information on the nature and things to expect.

1. Overview of the Condition

Diabetes mellitus or just diabetes, is a condition wherein a person develops high blood sugar or glucose level because the body is not producing right amounts of insulin, or due to body cells not correctly responding to insulin being produced. Insulin is a kind of hormone created in the pancreas that allows cells in the body to absorb glucose and convert it into energy. If the cells of the body do not readily absorb glucose, it accumulates in the blood, thereby triggering hyperglycemia. Other complications can also follow.

2. Types of Diabetes

There are several kinds of diabetes, but the most commonly known are Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is triggered by the body’s failure to create insulin naturally. The person will need to inject insulin. Type 2 diabetes comes from insulin resistance, described as a condition wherein the cells fail to use insulin correctly, at times mixed with total deficiency in insulin. Gestational diabetes occurs among pregnant women, who did not have the problem before. These women also have high blood glucose level at the time of pregnancy. The condition may occur before Type 2 diabetes mellitus occurs.

3. Other Forms

Other types of diabetes mellitus include congenital diabetes, which occurs because of the genetic problems of insulin secretion, steroid diabetes triggered by high doses of glucocorticoids, cystic fibrosis-linked diabetes and several monogenic diabetes forms. All types of diabetes can be treated effectively since the time insulin was made medically available in 1921. The specific cure, however, is not yet present. There is little success in Type 1 DM when it comes to pancreas transplants. With Type 2 DM, gastric bypass surgery can be successful. The gestational type usually occurs right after pregnancy.

4. On Complications

Complications can happen with each type of diabetes. Acute complications can vary, such as hyperosmolar coma, non-ketonic hypoglycemia and diabetic ketoacidosis. More serious long term complications include chronic renal failure, cardiovascular disease and retinal damage. The right treatment of diabetes is very important, including lifestyle changes and blood pressure control. The person may need to maintain healthy body weight, stop smoking and drinking and do regular physical activity.

5. The Morbidity

About 171 million individuals all over the globe have diabetes. That equates to around 2.8% of the total world population. Type 2 diabetes is the most common, which affects 90% to 95% of the United States diabetes population. People develop the problem during different times of their lives. Some can get the problem during childhood, also referred to as juvenile diabetes mellitus. Others may only get the problem late in their 60s or 70s.

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What Causes Asthma?

There is no known cause of asthma. Some people are simply born with the condition. You can get rid of the environmental factors, however, by knowing where these are and doing the necessary steps to avoid them completely. The triggers of asthma will differ among individuals, depending on their physical traits and other limiting factors.

1. Genetic or Environmental

Asthma can be triggered by either genetic or environmental factors. The condition can be influenced in terms of severity and the patient’s response to medication. A number of genetic and environmental factors have also been discovered through research. Others contributing factors are not yet fully understood. The upper airway is responsible for determining if the lungs can tolerate stress and other dangers. Otherwise, it will shut down the airway to prevent further damage and stress. Asthma is known to be an evolutionary defence. Taking out airborne pollutants can be highly successful in minimizing the condition.

2. Environmental Influence

Several environmental risk factors are linked with the development of asthma and the morbidity among kids. Some are discovered to be well-replicated or include a meta-analysis of many studies to support the direct link. Environmental tobacco smoke or maternal cigarette smoking is related to the high risk of asthma prevalence and morbidity, respiratory infections and wheezing. Low air quality, because of high ozone levels and traffic pollution are also highly associated with asthma. Some studies show that the disease and exacerbation of the condition can be caused by outdoor air pollutants.

3. More Causes

Caesarean sections have also been linked with asthma. There is actually a 20% increased risk among children delivery via C-section, compared to babies who were born vaginally. The modified bacterial exposure during C-section may have triggered the abnormality, since it also alters the immune system. Psychological stress has also been known to trigger asthma. Stress actually changes the immune system and causes it to boost the magnitude of the airway inflammation response to irritants and allergens.

Viral respiratory infections during childhood can actually help the individual develop a stronger immune system to stay protected against asthma. The protection also varies depending on the genetic traits of the person.

4. On Medications

The use of antibiotics during childhood has been connected to the development of asthma in different examples. It is believed that antibiotics can make a person highly vulnerable to asthma development as they change the gut flora, including the immune system. The hygiene hypothesis refers to the cause of asthma, plus other allergic illnesses. It is also backed by epidemiologic evidence for asthma. All items can negatively affect exposure to good bacteria, plus other immune system modulators that are essential during the development process. The risk for getting allergies and asthma then increases.

5. About Genes

There are more than 100 genes that are linked with asthma within a minimum of one genetic association study. The research should be repeated to make sure that the findings are not related to chance. 25 genes have recently been linked to asthma in 6 or more unique populations.

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